Short-term local delivery of an inhibitor of ras farnesyltransferase prevents neointima formation in vivo after porcine coronary balloon angioplasty

Work, L.M. , McPhaden, A.R., Pyne, N.J., Pyne, S., Wadsworth, R.M. and Wainwright, C.L. (2001) Short-term local delivery of an inhibitor of ras farnesyltransferase prevents neointima formation in vivo after porcine coronary balloon angioplasty. Circulation, 104(13), pp. 1538-1543. (doi:10.1161/​hc3801.095661)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/​hc3801.095661

Abstract

Background Mitogenic stimuli present at the site of coronary arterial balloon injury contribute to the progression and development of a restenotic lesion, many signaling through a common pathway involving the small G protein p21ras. Our aim was to demonstrate in biochemical studies that farnesyl protein transferase inhibitor III (FPTIII) is an inhibitor of p21ras processing and that when it is given locally in vivo at the site of coronary balloon injury in a porcine model, it can inhibit neointima formation.

Methods and Results FPTIII (1 to 25 μmol/L) concentration-dependently reduced p21ras levels in porcine coronary artery smooth muscle cell membranes. FPTIII also prevented p42/p44 MAPK activation and DNA synthesis in response to platelet-derived growth factor in these cells at a concentration of 25 μmol/L. Application of 25 μmol/L FPTIII locally for 15 minutes to balloon-injured porcine coronary arteries in vivo prevented neointima formation assessed at 4 weeks, reduced proteoglycan deposition, and inhibited adventitial hypertrophy. Coronary arteries from FPTIII-treated pigs had no deterioration in contraction or in endothelium-dependent relaxation.

Conclusions The study demonstrates in the pig that short-term local delivery of inhibitors of p21ras-dependent mitogenic signal transduction prevents restenosis after balloon angioplasty.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Work, Dr Lorraine
Authors: Work, L.M., McPhaden, A.R., Pyne, N.J., Pyne, S., Wadsworth, R.M., and Wainwright, C.L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Circulation
ISSN:0009-7322
ISSN (Online):1524-4539

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