WAVE/Scars in platelets

Oda, A. et al. (2005) WAVE/Scars in platelets. Blood, 105(8), pp. 3141-3148. (doi: 10.1182/blood-2003-04-1319) (PMID:15280206)

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Using specific antibodies against isoforms of WAVE (WASP [Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein] family Verprolin-homologous protein, also called Scar), we demonstrated that human platelets express all 3 isoforms. With the use of an in vitro pull-down technique, the src homology 3 (SH3) domain of insulin receptor substrate p53 (IRSp53) precipitated WAVE2 from platelet lysates more efficiently than did profilin I. The opposite was true for WAVE1, and neither precipitated WAVE3, suggesting that WAVE isoforms have different affinities to these ligands, while the SH3 domain of abl binds to all 3 isoforms. The 3 WAVE isoforms were distributed in the actin-rich Triton X-100–insoluble pellets following platelet aggregation induced by thrombin receptor–activating peptide. We also found that all 3 WAVE isoforms are substrates for calpain in vivo and in vitro. Although portions of these 3 isoforms were commonly distributed in the actin- and actin-related protein 2 and 3 (Arp2/3)–rich edge of the lamellipodia in spreading platelets, only WAVE2 remained in the cell fringe following detergent extraction or fixation of the cells. Finally, by mass spectrometry, we found that the proteins, which reportedly interact with WAVE/Scars, are present in platelets. These data suggest that the 3 WAVE isoforms exhibit common and distinct features and may potentially be involved in the regulation of actin cytoskeleton in platelets.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Machesky, Professor Laura
Authors: Oda, A., Miki, H., Wada, I., Yamaguchi, H., Yamazki, D., Suetsugu, S., Nakajima, M., Nakayama, A., Okawa, K., Miyazaki, H., Matsuno, K., Ochs, H. D., Machesky, L. M., Fujita, H., and Takenawa, T.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Blood
Publisher:American Society of Hematology
ISSN (Online):1528-0020

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