Determinants of self-reported correct knowledge about tuberculosis transmission among men and women in Malawi: evidence from a nationwide household survey

Ntenda, P. A. M. et al. (2021) Determinants of self-reported correct knowledge about tuberculosis transmission among men and women in Malawi: evidence from a nationwide household survey. BMC Infectious Diseases, 21, 132. (doi: 10.1186/s12879-021-05836-y) (PMID:33516174) (PMCID:PMC7847566)

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Abstract

Abstract: Background: Correct knowledge about transmission of tuberculosis (TB) can influence better health-seeking behaviors, and in turn, it can aid TB prevention in society. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the prevalence and predictors of self-reported correct knowledge about TB transmission among adults in Malawi. Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of the data obtained from the Malawi Demographic and Health Survey, 2015/16 (MDHS 2015/16). Questions regarding self-reported TB transmission were computed to evaluate the correct knowledge about TB transmission. The factors associated with the correct knowledge about Tb were assessed using univariate and multivariable logistic regression. Results: Overall, the prevalence of correct knowledge about TB transmission in the general population of Malawian adults was 61.5%. Specifically, the prevalence of correct knowledge about TB transmission was 63.6 and 60.8% in men and women, respectively. Those aged 35–44 years, having secondary or high education, belonging to the richest household, being exposed to mass media, being in professional/technical/managerial, having knowledge that “TB can be cured”, and those living in urban areas were significantly associated with correct knowledge about TB transmission. Conclusions: The findings of this study show that if appropriate strategies for TB communication and education to address the rural masses, young individuals, poor individuals, and individuals in the agriculture sector are put it place, can enhance TB prevention in Malawi.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Research Article, Tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases, Tuberculosis transmission, TB knowledge, Determinants, Malawi.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Nkoka, Dr Owen
Authors: Ntenda, P. A. M., Mussa, R., Gowelo, S., Sixpence, A., Bauleni, A., Simbeye, A., Matengeni, A., Matola, E., Banda, G., Stanley, C. C., Banda, S., and Nkoka, O.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
Journal Name:BMC Infectious Diseases
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2334
ISSN (Online):1471-2334
Copyright Holders:Copyright © The Author(s). 2021
First Published:First published BMC Infectious Diseases 21:132
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons licence

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