Modulation of the liver export protein synthetic response to feeding by an n-3 fatty-acid-enriched nutritional supplement is associated with anabolism in cachectic cancer patients

Barber, M.D., Preston, T., McMillan, D.C., Slater, C., Ross, J.A. and Fearon, K.C.H. (2004) Modulation of the liver export protein synthetic response to feeding by an n-3 fatty-acid-enriched nutritional supplement is associated with anabolism in cachectic cancer patients. Clinical Science, 106(4), 359 -364. (doi:10.1042/CS20030301)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/CS20030301

Abstract

The acute-phase protein response is associated with accelerated weight loss and shortened survival in cancer. This may be due to hepatic protein synthesis increasing demand for amino acids. An n-3 fatty-acid-enriched nutritional supplement will moderate aspects of cachexia in cancer patients. The present study examined the effect of such a supplement on hepatic synthesis of albumin and fibrinogen. Albumin and fibrinogen synthesis were measured in the fed and fasting state in eight weight-losing patients with pancreatic cancer by an intravenous flooding dose technique. Tracer incorporation into proteins was measured by GC/MS. Patients were restudied after 3 weeks of oral supplement enriched with fish oil (providing 2510 kJ/day and 2 g of eicosapentaenoic acid/day). At baseline, all patients were losing weight (median, 2.4 kg/month). After 3 weeks of consumption of the fish-oil-enriched nutritional supplement, patients' weight stabilized (median change, +1 kg; P=0.01). At baseline, albumin and fibrinogen synthesis rates were stimulated in the fed compared with the fasting state [14.2 compared with 11.3 g/day (29% rise; P=0.01) and 4.5 compared with 3.3 g/day (38% rise; P=0.01) respectively]. After 3 weeks of the supplement, this stimulation in the fed state was no longer observed for albumin and was reduced for fibrinogen [11.2 compared with 10.5 g/day (3% rise; P=0.21) and 3.7 compared with 2.9 g/day (17% rise; P=0.01) respectively]. After 3 weeks, the combined albumin plus fibrinogen synthetic rate tended to fall in the fasting state (14.7 compared with 12.3 g/day; P=0.09) and was significantly reduced in the fed state (18.7 compared with 14.6 g/day; P=0.01). Modulation of hepatic export protein synthesis with feeding may have contributed to the net whole-body anabolism observed with administration of the n-3 fatty-acid-enriched oral supplement.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Preston, Professor Thomas
Authors: Barber, M.D., Preston, T., McMillan, D.C., Slater, C., Ross, J.A., and Fearon, K.C.H.
Subjects:R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Clinical Science
ISSN:0143-5221

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