Cells derived from regenerated endothelium of the porcine coronary artery contain more oxidized forms of apolipoprotein-B-100 without a modification in the uptake of oxidized LDL

Kennedy, S. , Fournet-Bourguignon, M.-P., Breugnot, C., Castedo-Delrieu, M., Lesage, L., Reure, H., Briant, C., Leonce, S., Vilaine, J.-P. and Vanhoutte, P. M. (2003) Cells derived from regenerated endothelium of the porcine coronary artery contain more oxidized forms of apolipoprotein-B-100 without a modification in the uptake of oxidized LDL. Journal of Vascular Research, 40(4), (doi: 10.1159/000072817)

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Abstract

Increased accumulation of lipoproteins and cholesterol within cells from regenerated endothelium may be responsible for their reported dysfunction. This study compared the presence and uptake of oxidized forms of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in cells derived from native and regenerated endothelium. Four weeks after balloon denudation, primary cultures of native and regenerated endothelial cells were prepared from porcine coronary arteries. Regenerated endothelium stained more strongly using an antibody against oxidized lipoproteins. The increase in oxidized forms of apolipoprotein-B-100 exhibited by cells from regenerated endothelium was not due to an increase in extracellular-induced oxidation of native LDL, measured as the production of thiobarbituric-acid-reactive substances, being identical in both cell types. Intracellular cholesterol and cholesterol ester content were unchanged in regenerated cells. Using flow cytometry, accumulation of oxidized LDL was investigated further by quantifying the uptake of a mildly oxidized preparation of 1,1’-dioctadecyl-3,3,3’,3-tetramethyl-indocarbocyanine perchlorate-labelled LDL. The parameters of uptake, EC50 and Emax, were not different between cells from native and regenerated endothelium suggesting that the number of LOX-1 receptors was identical in the two cell types. Moreover, a negative correlation between the increased uptake of acetylated LDL and decreased cGMP production in response to bradykinin was observed in cells from regenerated endothelium. Thus, the increased incorporation of modified LDL and their intracellular oxidation could be responsible for the alteration in NO production. The presence of oxidized forms of LDL may be a marker of endothelium regeneration and could be involved in the endothelial dysfunction of pig coronary arteries 4 weeks after balloon denudation.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kennedy, Professor Simon
Authors: Kennedy, S., Fournet-Bourguignon, M.-P., Breugnot, C., Castedo-Delrieu, M., Lesage, L., Reure, H., Briant, C., Leonce, S., Vilaine, J.-P., and Vanhoutte, P. M.
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH345 Biochemistry
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Nursing and Health Care
Journal Name:Journal of Vascular Research
ISSN:1018-1172

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