L-arginine-induced vasodilation of the renal vasculature is not altered in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes

Delles, C. , Schneider, M.P., Oehmer, S., Fleischmann, E.H. and Schmieder, R.E. (2003) L-arginine-induced vasodilation of the renal vasculature is not altered in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 26(6), pp. 1836-1840. (doi: 10.2337/diacare.26.6.1836)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

<p>OBJECTIVE: Diabetes, arterial hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and aging are associated with endothelial dysfunction in various vasculatures. Endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the renal vasculature cannot be easily assessed, but infusion of l-arginine, the substrate of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, leads to an increase in renal plasma flow (RPF) in humans. We have examined the effect of l-arginine infusion on renal hemodynamics in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes.</p> <p>RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty-three elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (age, 65 ± 6 years; HbA1c, 7.8 ± 1.6%) with coexisting arterial hypertension (158 ± 19/83 ± 11 mmHg) and elevated cholesterol levels (total cholesterol, 215 ± 33 mg/dl) were examined. These patients were compared with a young and healthy reference group (n = 20; age, 26 ± 2 years). The effect of l-arginine infusion (100 mg/kg over 30 min) on RPF and glomerular filtration rate were measured using the constant input clearance technique with p-aminohippurate and inulin, respectively.</p> <p>RESULTS: l-Arginine infusion similarly influenced renal hemodynamics in patients and reference subjects: RPF increased by 7 ± 11 and 7 ± 11% in diabetic and reference subjects, respectively (P = NS). Other parameters of renal hemodynamics such as glomerular filtration rate (5 ± 5 vs. 4 ± 4%) and filtration fraction (−1 ± 8 vs. −1 ± 9%) were not significantly different between diabetic and reference subjects, too.</p> <p>CONCLUSIONS: l-Arginine-induced vasodilation of the renal vasculature is not different between a group of hypertensive diabetic patients and a young, healthy reference group. These data were obtained using low-dose l-arginine infusion.</p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Schneider, Dr Markus and Delles, Professor Christian
Authors: Delles, C., Schneider, M.P., Oehmer, S., Fleischmann, E.H., and Schmieder, R.E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Diabetes Care
Publisher:American Diabetes Association
ISSN:0149-5992
ISSN (Online):1935-5548

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record