Increased response of renal perfusion to the antioxidant vitamin C in type 2 diabetes

Delles, C. , Schneider, M., Oehmer, S., Fleischmann, I., Fleischmann, E.F. and Schmeider, R.E. (2004) Increased response of renal perfusion to the antioxidant vitamin C in type 2 diabetes. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 19(10), pp. 2513-2518. (doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfh405)

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Abstract

<b>Background:</b> <p>Reactive oxygen species play a major role in the development of endothelial dysfunction. It is as yet unspecified whether increased oxidative stress contributes to endothelial dysfunction of the renal vasculature in patients with type 2 diabetes.</p> <b>Methods:</b> <p>Renal haemodynamics were studied in 20 patients with type 2 diabetes and arterial hypertension (age 62 ± 5 years) and 20 non-diabetic hypertensive patients at baseline and following infusions of the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA; 4.25 mg/kg); the substrate of nitric oxide synthase, L-arginine (100 mg/kg); and the antioxidant, vitamin C (3 g, co-infused with L-arginine 100 mg/kg).</p> <b>Results:</b> <p>The response of renal plasma flow (RPF) to L-NMMA (−54 ± 62 and −45 ± 42 ml/min/1.73 m2; P = NS) and L-arginine (+46 ± 36 and +49 ± 25 ml/min/1.73 m2; P = NS) was not different between diabetic and non-diabetic patients. In contrast, vitamin C induced a more pronounced increase in RPF in diabetic than in non-diabetic patients when co-infused with L-arginine (+71±47 and +43±33 ml/min/1.73 m2; P<0.05).</p> <b>Conclusions:</b> <p>The difference in the response of renal perfusion to an antioxidant suggests increased formation of reactive oxygen species and thereby reduced nitric oxide bioavailability in the renal vasculature of patients with type 2 diabetes.</p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Schneider, Dr Markus and Delles, Professor Christian
Authors: Delles, C., Schneider, M., Oehmer, S., Fleischmann, I., Fleischmann, E.F., and Schmeider, R.E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Journal Abbr.:Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0931-0509
ISSN (Online):1460-2385
Published Online:20 July 2004

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