Interactions of viral proteins from pathogenic and low or non-pathogenic orthohantaviruses with human type I interferon signaling

Gallo, G. et al. (2021) Interactions of viral proteins from pathogenic and low or non-pathogenic orthohantaviruses with human type I interferon signaling. Viruses, 13(1), 140. (doi: 10.3390/v13010140) (PMID:33478127) (PMCID:PMC7835746)

[img] Text
229070.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.



Rodent-borne orthohantaviruses are asymptomatic in their natural reservoir, but they can cause severe diseases in humans. Although an exacerbated immune response relates to hantaviral pathologies, orthohantaviruses have to antagonize the antiviral interferon (IFN) response to successfully propagate in infected cells. We studied interactions of structural and nonstructural (NSs) proteins of pathogenic Puumala (PUUV), low-pathogenic Tula (TULV), and non-pathogenic Prospect Hill (PHV) viruses, with human type I and III IFN (IFN-I and IFN-III) pathways. The NSs proteins of all three viruses inhibited the RIG-I-activated IFNβ promoter, while only the glycoprotein precursor (GPC) of PUUV, or its cleavage product Gn/Gc, and the nucleocapsid (N) of TULV inhibited it. Moreover, the GPC of both PUUV and TULV antagonized the promoter of IFN-stimulated responsive elements (ISRE). Different viral proteins could thus contribute to inhibition of IFNβ response in a viral context. While PUUV and TULV strains replicated similarly, whether expressing entire or truncated NSs proteins, only PUUV encoding a wild type NSs protein led to late IFN expression and activation of IFN-stimulated genes (ISG). This, together with the identification of particular domains of NSs proteins and different biological processes that are associated with cellular proteins in complex with NSs proteins, suggested that the activation of IFN-I is probably not the only antiviral pathway to be counteracted by orthohantaviruses and that NSs proteins could have multiple inhibitory functions.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Funding: G.G. was granted by Sorbonne Université ED 515 (n° 2496/2016) and within an INNOV FLASH START Program from DARRI, Institut Pasteur. A.Kwere funded from grants of UK Medical Research Council (MRC) MC_UU_12014/8, and A.D.S.F. and Q.G. from MRC grant MC_UU_12014/12. F.B. acknowledges intramural funding by Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gu, Dr Quan and Da Silva Filipe, Dr Ana and Kohl, Professor Alain and Szemiel, Dr Agnieszka
Creator Roles:
Szemiel, A.Methodology, Formal analysis
Gu, Q.Methodology, Data curation
Da Silva Filipe, A.Methodology, Data curation
Kohl, A.Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Writing – review and editing, Funding acquisition
Authors: Gallo, G., Caignard, G., Badonnel, K., Chevreux, G., Terrier, S., Szemiel, A., Roman-Sosa, G., Binder, F., Gu, Q., Da Silva Filipe, A., Ulrich, R. G., Kohl, A., Vitour, D., Tordo, N., and Ermonval, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Viruses
ISSN (Online):1999-4915
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 by the authors
First Published:First published in Viruses 13(1):140
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record

Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
656551Arbovirus interactions with arthropod hostsAlain KohlMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12014/8MVLS III - CENTRE FOR VIRUS RESEARCH
Viral Genomics and BioinformaticsAndrew DavisonMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12014/12III-MRC-GU Centre for Virus Research