Microvascular function, metabolic syndrome, and novel risk factor status in women with cardiac syndrome X

Jadhav, S., Ferrell, W., Petrie, J. , Scherbakova, O., Greer, I., Cobbe, S. and Sattar, N. (2006) Microvascular function, metabolic syndrome, and novel risk factor status in women with cardiac syndrome X. American Journal of Cardiology, 97(12), pp. 1727-1731. (doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.12.069)

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Abstract

To characterize microvascular function, candidate risk pathways, and metabolic syndrome prevalence in women with cardiac syndrome X, 52 nondiabetic women with angiographically normal epicardial arteries but > 1 mm of planar ST depression during exercise testing patients) and 24 healthy controls of similar age were recruited. In addition to fasting blood samples and anthropometric measurements, forearm cutaneous microvascular function after iontophoresis of acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside was assessed by laser Doppler imaging. Despite body mass index correction and a larger proportion on statin therapy, patients had high levels of insulin (p = 0.016), triglycerides (p = 0.018), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (p = 0.021), von Willebrand factor (p = 0.005), and leptin (p = 0.005) and lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (p = 0.042) compared with controls. Consistent with these data, 30% of patients but only 8% of controls fulfilled criteria for the metabolic syndrome as defined by the National Cholesterol Education Program (p = 0.015). Endothelium-dependent and -independent microvascular functions were markedly impaired in patients (p < 0.001), and the odds ratio for cardiac syndrome X was 7.38 (95% confidence interval 2.2 to 24.7) if the acetylcholine response was < 8,710 flux units. In conclusion, women with cardiac syndrome X more commonly have metabolic syndrome and related adiposity, metabolic, and inflammatory derangements. They also have significantly impaired skin microvascular function as assessed by laser Doppler imaging, consistent with generalized vascular dysfunction, a finding with potential diagnostic implications.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ferrell, Professor William and Petrie, Professor John and Cobbe, Professor Stuart and Sattar, Professor Naveed
Authors: Jadhav, S., Ferrell, W., Petrie, J., Scherbakova, O., Greer, I., Cobbe, S., and Sattar, N.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:American Journal of Cardiology
ISSN:0002-9149

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