Integrated analysis of environmental and genetic influences on cord blood DNA methylation in new-borns

Czamara, D. et al. (2019) Integrated analysis of environmental and genetic influences on cord blood DNA methylation in new-borns. Nature Communications, 10, 2548. (doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-10461-0) (PMID:31186427) (PMCID:PMC6559955)

[img] Text
227853.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.



Epigenetic processes, including DNA methylation (DNAm), are among the mechanisms allowing integration of genetic and environmental factors to shape cellular function. While many studies have investigated either environmental or genetic contributions to DNAm, few have assessed their integrated effects. Here we examine the relative contributions of prenatal environmental factors and genotype on DNA methylation in neonatal blood at variably methylated regions (VMRs) in 4 independent cohorts (overall n = 2365). We use Akaike’s information criterion to test which factors best explain variability of methylation in the cohort-specific VMRs: several prenatal environmental factors (E), genotypes in cis (G), or their additive (G + E) or interaction (GxE) effects. Genetic and environmental factors in combination best explain DNAm at the majority of VMRs. The CpGs best explained by either G, G + E or GxE are functionally distinct. The enrichment of genetic variants from GxE models in GWAS for complex disorders supports their importance for disease risk.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Professor Daniel J. Smith is a member of the Major Depressive Disorder Working Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Smith, Professor Daniel
Authors: Czamara, D., Eraslan, G., Page, C. M., Lahti, J., Lahti-Pulkkinen, M., Hämäläinen, E., Kajantie, E., Laivuori, H., Villa, P. M., Reynolds, R. M., Nystad, W., Håberg, S. E., London, S. J., O’Donnell, K. J., Garg, E., Meaney, M. J., Entringer, S., Wadhwa, P. D., Buss, C., Jones, M. J., Lin, D. T. S., MacIsaac, J. L., Kobor, M. S., Koen, N., Zar, H. J., Koenen, K. C., Dalvie, S., Stein, D. J., Kondofersky, I., Müller, N. S., Theis, F. J., Räikkönen, K., Binder, E. B., and Smith, D. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Nature Communications
Publisher:Nature Research
ISSN (Online):2041-1723
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Nature Communications 10: 2548
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record