Risk factors for bovine periodontal disease – a preliminary study

Borsanelli, A.C., Viora, L. , Parkin, T. , Lappin, D. F., Bennett, D., King, G. , Dutra, I.S. and Riggio, M. P. (2021) Risk factors for bovine periodontal disease – a preliminary study. Animal, 15(2), 100121. (doi: 10.1016/j.animal.2020.100121) (PMID:33712212)

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Abstract

The work presented in this pilot study aimed to identify potential risk factors associated with bovine periodontitis development. Bovine periodontitis is a multifactorial polymicrobial infectious disease for which the aetiopathogenesis and risk factors are not fully understood. From cattle slaughtered in an abattoir in Scotland, 35 dental arcades with periodontal lesions and 40 periodontally healthy arcades were selected over seven visits for study. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between periodontitis and the independent variables, gender, age and breed. For every increase in year of age, cattle were 1.5 times more likely to have periodontitis. A graphical analysis indicated that within the limits of this study, we could not detect any major influence of breed on the age-effect. Although logistic regression analysis demonstrated that periodontitis lesions are more prevalent with increasing age of cattle the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. It is likely that periodontitis is an important cause of oral pain in older cattle and can contribute to reduced productivity/performance. Further studies with a larger sample size are necessary to elucidate the associations between potential risk factors and periodontitis in cattle and to define its effects on animal welfare and productivity.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by the São Paulo Research Foundation (Process FAPESP n° 2015/06917-9).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lappin, Dr David and Parkin, Prof Timothy and Bennett, Professor David and King, Mr George and Riggio, Professor Marcello and Viora, Dr Lorenzo
Creator Roles:
Viora, L.Conceptualization, Methodology, Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review and editing
Parkin, T.Formal analysis, Data curation, Writing – review and editing
Lappin, D.Conceptualization, Methodology, Validation, Formal analysis, Resources, Data curation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review and editing
Bennett, D.Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review and editing
King, G.Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review and editing
Riggio, M.Conceptualization, Methodology, Validation, Resources, Writing – original draft, Writing – review and editing, Supervision, Project administration, Funding acquisition
Authors: Borsanelli, A.C., Viora, L., Parkin, T., Lappin, D. F., Bennett, D., King, G., Dutra, I.S., and Riggio, M. P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Animal
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1751-7311
ISSN (Online):1751-732X
Published Online:23 December 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 The Authors
First Published:First published in Animal 15(2):100121
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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