What makes a robot social? A review of social robots from science fiction to a home or hospital near you

Henschel, A., Laban, G. and Cross, E. S. (2021) What makes a robot social? A review of social robots from science fiction to a home or hospital near you. Current Robotics Reports, 2(1), pp. 9-19. (doi: 10.1007/s43154-020-00035-0) (PMCID:PMC7860159)

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Abstract

Purpose of Review: We provide an outlook on the definitions, laboratory research, and applications of social robots, with an aim to understand what makes a robot social—in the eyes of science and the general public. Recent Findings: Social robots demonstrate their potential when deployed within contexts appropriate to their form and functions. Some examples include companions for the elderly and cognitively impaired individuals, robots within educational settings, and as tools to support cognitive and behavioural change interventions. Summary: Science fiction has inspired us to conceive of a future with autonomous robots helping with every aspect of our daily lives, although the robots we are familiar with through film and literature remain a vision of the distant future. While there are still miles to go before robots become a regular feature within our social spaces, rapid progress in social robotics research, aided by the social sciences, is helping to move us closer to this reality.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors gratefully acknowledge funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant agreement 677270 to E.S.C.), the Leverhulme Trust (PLP-2018-152 to E.S.C.), and the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie to ENTWINE, the European Training Network on Informal Care (grant agreement no. 814072 to E.S.C.).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Laban, Mr Guy and Henschel, Ms Anna and Cross, Professor Emily
Authors: Henschel, A., Laban, G., and Cross, E. S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
College of Social Sciences > School of Interdisciplinary Studies
Journal Name:Current Robotics Reports
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:2662-4087
ISSN (Online):2662-4087
Published Online:04 February 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Current Robotics Reports 2(1): 9-19
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
303930SOCIAL ROBOTSEmily CrossEuropean Research Council (ERC)677270NP - Centre for Neuroscience
304215Philip Leverhulme Prize - ECEmily CrossLeverhulme Trust (LEVERHUL)PLP-2018-152NP - Centre for Neuroscience
306871The European Training Network on Informal CareEmily CrossEuropean Commission (EC)814072NP - Centre for Neuroscience