Risk factors for pregnancy associated venous thromboembolism

McColl, M.D., Ramsay, J.E., Tait, R.C. , Walker, I.D., McCall, F., Conkie, J.A., Carty, M.J. and Greer, I.A. (1997) Risk factors for pregnancy associated venous thromboembolism. Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 78(4), pp. 1183-1188. (PMID:9364982)

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Abstract

In an attempt to reduce the incidence of pregnancy associated venous thromboembolism (PA-VTE), some researchers have advocated screening of all women for the factor V(Leiden) mutation during early pregnancy. We have conducted a large retrospective study (over 72,000 deliveries) to determine if this would be useful. Sixty-two objectively confirmed venous thrombotic events (51 DVT, 11 PE) were recorded at two maternity units in the UK. The incidence of DVT was 0.71 per 1000 deliveries (95% CI 0.5-0.9) with 0.50 occurring in the antenatal period (95% CI 0.34-0.66) and 0.21 in the puerperium (95% CI 0.11-0.31). The incidence of PE was 0.15 per 1000 deliveries (95% CI 0.06-0.24), 0.07 antenatal (95% CI 0.01-0.13) and 0.08 in the puerperium (95% CI 0.02-0.14). Of these 62, 50 attended for follow-up and thrombophilia screening. 28% of all episodes of PA-VTE had no clinical risk factor for thrombosis or an identifiable thrombophilic abnormality. Deficiency of antithrombin was identified in 12% of individuals (95% CI 3-21) and the factor V(Leiden) mutation in 8% (95% CI 0.5-15.5). Based on estimates of the prevalence of the factor V(Leiden) mutation in the population, we estimate that the thrombotic risk for a woman during pregnancy or the puerperium with the defect is approximately 1 in 400-500. This figure would not lend support to the idea of random screening for the mutation in early pregnancy.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Tait, Dr Robert and McColl, Dr Mark and Greer, Prof Ian and Walker, Prof Isobel and Ramsay, Dr Jane
Authors: McColl, M.D., Ramsay, J.E., Tait, R.C., Walker, I.D., McCall, F., Conkie, J.A., Carty, M.J., and Greer, I.A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cardiovascular & Metabolic Health
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Publisher:Georg Thieme
ISSN:0340-6245

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