TopBP1 contains a transcriptional activation domain suppressed by two adjacent BRCT domains

Wright, R.H.G., Dornan, E.S., Donaldson, M.M. and Morgan, I.M. (2006) TopBP1 contains a transcriptional activation domain suppressed by two adjacent BRCT domains. Biochemical Journal, 400, pp. 573-582. (doi: 10.1042/BJ20060831)

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TopBP1 has eight BRCT [BRCA1 (breast-cancer susceptibility gene 1) C-terminus] domains and is involved in initiating DNA replication, and DNA damage checkpoint signalling and repair. Several BRCT-domain-containing proteins involved in mediating DNA repair have transcriptional regulatory domains, and as demonstrated for BRCA1 these regulatory domains are important in mediating the functions of these proteins. These transcriptional regulatory processes involve modification of chromatin, and recent evidence has clearly demonstrated that the ability to modify chromatin plays an important role in regulating DNA damage signalling and repair. Here we report the identification of a TopBP1 transcriptional activation domain that is rich in hydrophobic residues, interspersed with acidic amino acids, characteristics that are typical of transcriptional activation domains identified previously. Two adjacent repressor domains encoded by BRCT2 and BRCT5 silence this activator and experiments suggest that these repressors actively recruit repressor complexes. Both the activator and BRCT2 repressor domains function in yeast. The present study identifies several chromatin modification domains encoded by TopBP1, and the implications of these findings are discussed in the context of the DNA damage response and the understanding of TopBP1 function.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Morgan, Professor Iain and Dornan, Mr Edward and Donaldson, Dr Mary
Authors: Wright, R.H.G., Dornan, E.S., Donaldson, M.M., and Morgan, I.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Clinical Specialities
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation > Centre for Virus Research
Journal Name:Biochemical Journal
Journal Abbr.:BJ
Publisher:Portland Press Ltd.
ISSN (Online):1470-8728

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