A zero placement algorithm for synthesis of flat top beam pattern with low sidelobe level

Dai, S., Li, M., Abbasi, Q. H. and Imran, M. A. (2020) A zero placement algorithm for synthesis of flat top beam pattern with low sidelobe level. IEEE Access, 8, pp. 225935-225944. (doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3045287)

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Abstract

Flat top beam pattern synthesis is increasingly important for beamformer in high mobility scenarios due to the rapid change of Direction of Arrival (DOA). A Zero Placement for Flat Top (ZPFT) beam pattern synthesis algorithm is presented in this paper. It works in Z domain directly and breaks down the total response into two portions. The first portion satisfies the beamwidth requirement with low Sidelobe Level (SLL) which is realized through algorithms like Dolph-Chebyshev algorithm. The second portion is then used to create a broadening effect. The location of the broadening zeros are derived using principles result from the broadening effect analysis of two quadratic functions. Compared to conventional Finite Impulse Response (FIR) method or iterative methods, the proposed method identifies the zeros of the array factor directly and computes the weight without iteration. Since it works in the spatial angle domain directly, the steering of the mainlobe beam could be implemented through a simple angle shift. Numerical simulation confirms the effectiveness of the algorithm. ZPFT can achieve 22dB lower SLL while maintaining the same main beam performance as compared with FIR method for an Uniform Linear Array (ULA) with 7 elements. It can achieve the same optimal performance as the iteration based global optimisation techniques like Semi-Definite Relaxation (SDR) with about 380 times less computing time in an Intel Core i7 Windows platform. ZPFT can steer the main beam easily in real time. All these make it an ideal candidate for high mobility applications where the DOA changes rapidly.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Abbasi, Dr Qammer and Imran, Professor Muhammad and Dai, ShaoWei and Li, Dr David
Authors: Dai, S., Li, M., Abbasi, Q. H., and Imran, M. A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:IEEE Access
Publisher:IEEE
ISSN:2169-3536
ISSN (Online):2169-3536
Published Online:16 December 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 The Authors
First Published:First published in IEEE Access 8: 225935-225944
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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