The actin-binding protein profilin binds to PIP2 and inhibits its hydrolysis by phospholipase C

Goldschmidt-Clermont, P.J., Machesky, L.M. , Baldassare, J.J. and Pollard, T.D. (1990) The actin-binding protein profilin binds to PIP2 and inhibits its hydrolysis by phospholipase C. Science, 247(4950), pp. 1575-1578. (doi: 10.1126/science.2157283) (PMID:2157283)

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Profilin is generally thought to regulate actin polymerization, but the observation that acidic phospholipids dissociate the complex of profilin and actin raised the possibility that profilin might also regulate lipid metabolism. Profilin isolated from platelets binds with high affinity to small clusters of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) molecules in micelles and also in bilayers with other phospholipids. The molar ratio of the complex of profilin with PIP2 is 1:7 in micelles of pure PIP2 and 1:5 in bilayers composed largely of other phospholipids. Profilin competes efficiently with platelet cytosolic phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C for interaction with the PIP2 substrate and thereby inhibits PIP2 hydrolysis by this enzyme. The cellular concentrations and binding characteristics of these molecules are consistent with profilin being a negative regulator of the phosphoinositide signaling pathway in addition to its established function as an inhibitor of actin polymerization.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Machesky, Professor Laura
Authors: Goldschmidt-Clermont, P.J., Machesky, L.M., Baldassare, J.J., and Pollard, T.D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Science
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science
ISSN (Online):1095-9203

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