The methyl torsion in unsaturated compounds

Zachariou, A., Hawkins, A. P. , Collier, P., Howe, R. F., Lennon, D. and Parker, S. F. (2020) The methyl torsion in unsaturated compounds. ACS Omega, 5(6), pp. 2755-2765. (doi: 10.1021/acsomega.9b03351) (PMID:32095699) (PMCID:PMC7033956)

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How the methyl torsion transition energy in unsaturated systems is affected by its environment is investigated. It is strongly influenced by both its immediate neighborhood, (the number of methyl groups present in the molecule) and the intermolecular interactions. It is clear that the intermolecular interactions have a major influence on the torsion transition energy, as demonstrated unambiguously previously for mesitylene and also seen here for other systems. In part, this may be caused by the fact that the methyl torsion is rarely a pure mode (unless enforced by symmetry). Where the crystal structure is available, the assignments have been supported by CASTEP calculations of the unit cell. The agreement between the observed and calculated spectra is generally good, although not perfect, toluene being a case in point, and highlights just how demanding it is to obtain accurate transition energies for low energy modes. The disagreement between observed and calculated inelastic neutron scattering spectra for meta-xylene and 9,10 dimethylanthracene is so severe that it would suggest that there are additional phases to those presently known. Comparison between the full periodic calculations and those for the isolated molecule shows that intermolecular interactions raise the methyl torsion transition energy by at least 8% and in some cases by more than 50%. The presence of more than one methyl group in the molecule generally raises the average torsion energy from the <100 cm–1 seen for single methyl groups to 150–200 cm–1.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The UK Catalysis Hub is kindly thanked for resources and support provided via our membership of the UK Catalysis Hub Consortium and funded by EPSRC grant: EP/R026939/1, EP/R026815/1, EP/R026645/1, EP/R027129/1 or EP/M013219/1(biocatalysis).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Zachariou, Miss Andrea and Lennon, Professor David and Hawkins, Alexander
Authors: Zachariou, A., Hawkins, A. P., Collier, P., Howe, R. F., Lennon, D., and Parker, S. F.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:ACS Omega
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN (Online):2470-1343
Published Online:07 February 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society
First Published:First published in ACS Omega 5(6): 2755-2765
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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