Myocardial remodelling after withdrawing therapy for heart failure in patients with recovered dilated cardiomyopathy – insights from TRED‐HF

Halliday, B. P. et al. (2021) Myocardial remodelling after withdrawing therapy for heart failure in patients with recovered dilated cardiomyopathy – insights from TRED‐HF. European Journal of Heart Failure, 23(2), pp. 293-301. (doi: 10.1002/ejhf.2063) (PMID:33225554)

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Aims: To characterise adverse ventricular remodelling after withdrawing therapy in recovered dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Methods: TRED‐HF was a randomised controlled trial with a follow‐on single arm cross‐over phase that examined the safety and feasibility of therapy withdrawal in patients with recovered DCM over 6 months. The primary end‐point was relapse of heart failure defined by 1) a reduction in LVEF >10% and to <50%, 2) >10% increase in LV end‐diastolic volume and to above the normal range, 3) a two‐fold rise in NT‐pro‐BNP and to >400ng/l, or 4) evidence of heart failure. Left ventricular (LV) mass, LV and right ventricular (RV) global longitudinal strain (GLS) and extracellular volume were measured using cardiovascular magnetic resonance at baseline and follow‐up (6 months or relapse) for 48 patients. LV cell and extracellular matrix masses were derived. The effect of withdrawing therapy, stratified by relapse and genotype, was investigated in the randomised and follow‐on phases. Results: In the randomised comparison, withdrawing therapy led to an increase in mean LV mass (5.4g/m2; 95%CI 1.3‐9.5) and cell mass (4.2g/m2; 95%CI 0.5‐8.0) and a reduction in LV (3.5; 95%CI 1.5‐5.4) and RV (2.3; 95%CI 0.1‐4.6) GLS. In a non‐randomised comparison of all patients (n=47) who had therapy withdrawn in either phase, there was an increase in LV mass (6.2g/m2; 95%CI 3.6‐8.9; p=0.0001), cell mass (4.0g/m2; 95%CI 1.8‐6.2; p=0.0007) and matrix mass (1.7g/m2; 95%CI 0.7‐2.6; p=0.001) and a reduction in LV GLS (2.7; 95%CI 1.5‐2.4; p=0.0001). Amongst those who had therapy withdrawn and did not relapse, similar changes were observed (n=28; LV mass: 4.8g/m2, 95%CI 0.9‐8.7, p=0.02; cell mass: 3.7g/m2, 95%CI 0.3‐7.0, p=0.03; matrix mass: 1.7g/m2, 95%CI 0.4‐3.0, p=0.01; LV GLS: 1.7, 95%CI 0.1‐3.2, p=0.04). Patients with TTN variants (n=10) who had therapy withdrawn had a greater increase in LV matrix mass (mean effect of TTN – 2.6 g/m2; 95%CI 0.4‐4.8, p=0.02). Conclusion: In TRED‐HF, withdrawing therapy caused rapid remodelling, with early tissue and functional changes, even amongst patients who did not relapse.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Funding: RED-HF was an investigator-led trial sponsored by Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Trust. The study was funded by a Clinical Research Training Fellowship from the British Heart Foundation (FS/15/29/31492) awarded to BPH and SKP and received additional support from the Alexander Jansons Foundation, the Cardiovascular Research Centre and NIHR Biomedical Research Unit at Royal Brompton Hospital, the NIHR Imperial College Biomedical Research Centre and grants from Rosetrees Trust awarded to SKP.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cleland, Professor John
Authors: Halliday, B. P., Owen, R., Gregson, J., Vassiliou, V., Chen, X., Wage, R., Lota, A. S., Khalique, Z., Tayal, U., Hammersley, D. J., Jones, R. E., Baksi, A. J., Cowie, M. R., Cleland, J. G.F., Pennell, D. J., and Prasad, S. K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
Journal Name:European Journal of Heart Failure
ISSN (Online):1879-0844
Published Online:22 November 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 The Authors
First Published:First published in European Journal of Heart Failure 23(2): 293-301
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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