Scalable quantum integrated circuits on superconducting two-dimensional electron gas platform

Delfanazari, K. et al. (2019) Scalable quantum integrated circuits on superconducting two-dimensional electron gas platform. Journal of Visualized Experiments(150), e57818. (doi: 10.3791/57818)

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To form a coherent quantum transport in hybrid superconductor-semiconductor (S-Sm) junctions, the formation of a homogeneous and barrier-free interface between two different materials is necessary. The S-Sm junction with high interface transparency will then facilitate the observation of the induced hard superconducting gap, which is the key requirement to access the topological phases (TPs) and observation of exotic quasiparticles such as Majorana zero modes (MZM) in hybrid systems. A material platform that can support observation of TPs and allows the realization of complex and branched geometries is therefore highly demanding in quantum processing and computing science and technology. Here, we introduce a two-dimensional material system and study the proximity induced superconductivity in semiconducting two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) that is the basis of a hybrid quantum integrated circuit (QIC). The 2DEG is a 30 nm thick In0.75Ga0.25As quantum well that is buried between two In0.75Al0.25As barriers in a heterostructure. Niobium (Nb) films are used as the superconducting electrodes to form Nb- In0.75Ga0.25As -Nb Josephson junctions (JJs) that are symmetric, planar and ballistic. Two different approaches were used to form the JJs and QICs. The long junctions were fabricated photolithographically, but e-beam lithography was used for short junctions’ fabrication. The coherent quantum transport measurements as a function of temperature in the presence/absence of magnetic field B are discussed. In both device fabrication approaches, the proximity induced superconducting properties were observed in the In0.75Ga0.25As 2DEG. It was found that e-beam lithographically patterned JJs of shorter lengths result in observation of induced superconducting gap at much higher temperature ranges. The results that are reproducible and clean suggesting that the hybrid 2D JJs and QICs based on In0.75Ga0.25As quantum wells could be a promising material platform to realize the real complex and scalable electronic and photonic quantum circuitry and devices.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Delfanazari, Dr Kaveh
Authors: Delfanazari, K., Ma, P., Puddy, R., Yi, T., Cao, M., Gul, Y., Richardson, C. L., Farrer, I., Ritchie, D., Joyce, H. J., Kelly, M. J., and Smith, C. G.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
Journal Name:Journal of Visualized Experiments
Publisher:MyJove Corporation
ISSN (Online):1940-087X
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019
First Published:First published in Journal of Visualized Experiments 150:e57818
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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