High soluble transferrin receptor in patients with heart failure: a measure of iron deficiency and a strong predictor of mortality

Sierpinski, R. et al. (2021) High soluble transferrin receptor in patients with heart failure: a measure of iron deficiency and a strong predictor of mortality. European Journal of Heart Failure, 23(6), pp. 919-932. (doi: 10.1002/ejhf.2036) (PMID:33111457)

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Background: Iron deficiency (ID) is frequent in heart failure (HF), linked with exercise intolerance and poor prognosis. Intravenous iron repletion improves clinical status in HF patients with LVEF≤45%. However, uncertainty exists about the accuracy of serum biomarkers in diagnosing ID. Study Aims: 1) to identify the iron biomarker with the greatest accuracy for the diagnosis of ID in bone marrow in patients with ischaemic HF; 2) to establish the prevalence of ID using this biomarker and its prognostic value in HF patients. Methods and Results: Bone marrow was stained for iron in 30 patients with ischaemic HF with LVEF≤45% and 10 healthy controls, and ID was diagnosed for 0‐1 grades (Gale scale). 791 patients with HF with LVEF≤45% were prospectively followed‐up for 3 years. Serum ferritin, transferrin saturation, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) were assessed as iron biomarkers. Most patients with HF (25, 83%) had ID in bone marrow, but none of the controls (p<0.001). Serum sTfR had the best accuracy in predicting ID in bone marrow (AUC: 0.920, 95%CI: 0.761‐0.987, for cut‐off 1.25 mg/L sensitivity 84%, specificity 100%). Serum sTfR was ≥1.25 mg/L in 47% of HF patients, in 56% and 46% of anaemics and non‐anaemics, respectively (p<0.05). The reclassification methods revealed that serum sTfR significantly added the prognostic value to the baseline prognostic model, and to the greater extent than plasma NT‐proBNP. Based on internal derivation and validation procedures, serum sTfR ≥1.41 mg/L was the optimal threshold for predicting 3‐year mortality, independent of other established variables. Conclusions: High serum sTfR accurately reflects depleted iron stores in bone marrow in patients with HF, and identifies those with a high 3‐year mortality.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The research was supported from the statutory grant no. ST.E190.16.067 for the Department of Heart Diseases, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cleland, Professor John
Authors: Sierpinski, R., Josiak, K., Suchocki, T., Wojtas‐Polc, K., Mazur, G., Butrym, A., Rozentryt, P., Meer, P., Comin‐Colet, J., Haehling, S., Kosmala, W., Przewlocka‐Kosmala, M., Banasiak, W., Nowak, J., Voors, A. A., Anker, S. D., Cleland, J. G.F., Ponikowski, P., and Jankowska, E. A.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
Journal Name:European Journal of Heart Failure
ISSN (Online):1879-0844
Published Online:27 October 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 European Society of Cardiology
First Published:First published in European Journal of Heart Failure 23(6): 919-932
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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