Ultrasound imaging of congestion in heart failure – examinations beyond the heart

Pellicori, P. et al. (2021) Ultrasound imaging of congestion in heart failure – examinations beyond the heart. European Journal of Heart Failure, 23(5), pp. 703-712. (doi: 10.1002/ejhf.2032) (PMID:33118672)

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Abstract

Congestion, related to pressures and/or fluid overload, plays a central role in the pathophysiology, presentation and prognosis of heart failure and is an important therapeutic target. While symptoms and physical signs of fluid overload are required to make a clinical diagnosis of heart failure, they lack both sensitivity and specificity, which might lead to diagnostic delay and uncertainty. Over the last decades, new ultrasound methods for the detection of elevated intracardiac pressures and/or fluid overload have been developed that are more sensitive and specific, thereby enabling earlier and more accurate diagnosis and facilitating treatment strategies. Accordingly, we considered that a state‐of‐the‐art review of ultrasound methods for the detection and quantification of congestion was timely, including imaging of the heart, lungs (B‐lines), kidneys (intrarenal venous flow), and venous system (inferior vena cava and internal jugular vein diameter).

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cleland, Professor John and McMurray, Professor John and Pellicori, Dr Pierpaolo
Authors: Pellicori, P., Platz, E., Dauw, J., ter Maaten, J. M., Martens, P., Pivetta, E., Cleland, J. G.F., McMurray, J. J.V., Mullens, W., Solomon, S. D., Zannad, F., Gargani, L., and Girerd, N.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
Journal Name:European Journal of Heart Failure
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1388-9842
ISSN (Online):1879-0844
Published Online:29 October 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 European Society of Cardiology
First Published:First published in European Journal of Heart Failure 23(5): 703-712
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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