Approximate Bayesian inference for individual-based models with emergent dynamics

Gaskell, J. , Campioni, N., Morales, J. M., Husmeier, D. and Torney, C. J. (2020) Approximate Bayesian inference for individual-based models with emergent dynamics. In: Ladde, G. and Samia, N. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Statistics: Theory and Applications (ICSTA'20). Avestia Publishing: Ottawa, Canada, p. 125. ISBN 9781927877685 (doi:10.11159/icsta20.125)

[img] Text
225696.pdf - Published Version

2MB

Abstract

Individual-based models are used in a variety of scientific domains to study systems composed of multiple agents that interact with one another and lead to complex emergent dynamics at the macroscale. A standard approach in the analysis of these systems is to specify the microscale interaction rules in a simulation model, run simulations, and then qualitatively compare outputs to empirical observations. Recently, more robust methods for inference for these types of models have been introduced, notably approximate Bayesian computation, however major challenges remain due to the computational cost of simulations and the nonlinear nature of many complex systems. Here, we compare two methods of approximate inference in a classic individual-based model of group dynamics with well-studied nonlinear macroscale behaviour; we employ a Gaussian process accelerated ABC method with an approximated likelihood and with a synthetic likelihood. We compare the accuracy of results when re-inferring parameters using a measure of macro-scale disorder (the order parameter) as a summary statistic. Our findings reveal that for a canonical simple model of animal collective movement, parameter inference is accurate and computationally efficient, even when the model is poised at the critical transition between order and disorder.

Item Type:Book Sections
Status:Published
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gaskell, Dr Jennifer and Morales, Dr Juan and Husmeier, Professor Dirk and Campioni, Nazareno and Torney, Dr Colin
Authors: Gaskell, J., Campioni, N., Morales, J. M., Husmeier, D., and Torney, C. J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Mathematics
College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Statistics
Publisher:Avestia Publishing
ISBN:9781927877685
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 International ASET Inc.
First Published:First published in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Statistics: Theory and Applications (ICSTA'20): 125
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record