Identifying gene regulatory elements by genomic microarray mapping of DNaseI hypersensitive sites

Bruce, A. et al. (2006) Identifying gene regulatory elements by genomic microarray mapping of DNaseI hypersensitive sites. Genome Research, 16, pp. 1310-1319. (doi:10.1101/gr.5373606)

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The identification of cis-regulatory elements is central to understanding gene transcription. Hypersensitivity of cis-regulatory elements to digestion with DNaseI remains the gold-standard approach to locating such elements. Traditional methods used to identify DNaseI hypersensitive sites are cumbersome and can only be applied to short stretches of DNA at defined locations. Here we report the development of a novel genomic array-based approach to DNaseI hypersensitive site mapping (ADHM) that permits precise, large-scale identification of such sites from as few as 5 million cells. Using ADHM we identified all previously recognized hematopoietic regulatory elements across 200 kb of the mouse T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia-1 (Tal1) locus, and, in addition, identified two novel elements within the locus, which show transcriptional regulatory activity. We further validated the ADHM protocol by mapping the DNaseI hypersensitive sites across 250 kb of the human TAL1 locus in CD34+ primary stem/progenitor cells and K562 cells and by mapping the previously known DNaseI hypersensitive sites across 240 kb of the human α-globin locus in K562 cells. ADHM provides a powerful approach to identifying DNaseI hypersensitive sites across large genomic regions.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Vetrie, Professor David
Authors: Bruce, A., Campbell, P., Dhami, P., Dillon, S., Donaldson, I., Dunham, I., Follows, G., Gottgens, B., Green, A., Janes, M., Koch, C., Scott, M., Smith, A., and Vetrie, D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:Genome Research

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