Selective partitioning of (biomacro)molecules in the crowded environment of double hydrophilic block copolymers

Lira, R. B., Willersinn, J., Schmidt, B. V.K.J. and Dimova, R. (2020) Selective partitioning of (biomacro)molecules in the crowded environment of double hydrophilic block copolymers. Macromolecules, 53(22), pp. 10179-10188. (doi: 10.1021/acs.macromol.0c01839)

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Abstract

The phase separation in aqueous solutions of a double-hydrophilic block copolymer (DHBC) at concentrations mimicking the crowded environment in cells and its performance as a potential protein purification system are investigated. Similar to processes of self-coacervation, the coexistence of aqueous polymer-rich and polymer-depleted microscopic phases is observed and the partitioning of various species in them is investigated. Whereas small molecules, poly(ethylene glycol), and dextran can moderately partition in both phases, proteins and DNA are strongly enriched in the polymer-depleted phase, offering a pathway for biomacromolecule purification. While aqueous two-phase systems based on a pair of polymers are also used for purification of biological material, DHBC has the remarkable advantage that the proteins and DNA segregate in the polymer-depleted phase, enhancing and facilitating purification. Future optimization of DHBC chemistry may offer higher partition efficiency and a way for large-scale applications.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Schmidt, Dr Bernhard
Authors: Lira, R. B., Willersinn, J., Schmidt, B. V.K.J., and Dimova, R.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Macromolecules
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0024-9297
ISSN (Online):1520-5835
Published Online:15 November 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society
First Published:First published in Macromolecules 53(22):10179-10188
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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