When is the ‘optimal’ time for school transition? An insight into provision in the US

Bagnall, C. L., Fox, C. L. and Skipper, Y. (2021) When is the ‘optimal’ time for school transition? An insight into provision in the US. Pastoral Care in Education, 39(4), pp. 348-376. (doi: 10.1080/02643944.2020.1855669)

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Across countries, the age and timing of when children navigate school transition varies, as does provision of support during this challenging time. These two factors can heavily shape young people’s adjustment, yet to date there is minimal research which has investigated how this period is navigated in different cultures. The aim of the present exploratory-explanatory case study was to explore how educational transitions are managed and supported within the US, with a view to apply the lessons learnt to the UK context. Parents in the US have more choice regarding the age and timing of when children transfer schools, and so the research examined differences in transition preparations and experiences by children’s age, and whether they are in a two or three-tier school system. To do this, data collection methodologies included ethnographic classroom observations, student focus groups and staff and parent interviews, which were analysed using Thematic Analysis. Findings demonstrated that the earlier the transition, especially between the ages of 11 and 12, the harder it was perceived to be, and stakeholders had differing attitudes as to whether two transitions are better than one. It was concluded that while the present study has made preliminary progress in exploring the significance of transfer timing on students’ adjustment, further longitudinal and intervention comparative research is needed using wider cross-cultural samples.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Skipper, Dr Yvonne
Authors: Bagnall, C. L., Fox, C. L., and Skipper, Y.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Education
College of Social Sciences > School of Education > People, Place & Social Change
Journal Name:Pastoral Care in Education
Publisher:Taylor and Francis
ISSN (Online):1468-0122
Published Online:11 January 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 NAPCE
First Published:First published in Pastoral Care in Education 39(4): 348-376
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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