School climate, peer relationships, and adolescent mental health: a social ecological perspective

Long, E. , Zucca, C. and Sweeting, H. (2020) School climate, peer relationships, and adolescent mental health: a social ecological perspective. Youth and Society, (doi: 10.1177/0044118X20970232) (Early Online Publication)

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Abstract

The current study investigated peer relationship and school climate factors associated with adolescent mental health. Cross-sectional data from 2571 fifteen-year old students in 22 Scottish secondary schools was used. Multilevel models tested for school differences in mental health, and nested linear regression models estimated peer and school effects. Results demonstrated no significant between-school variation in mental health. Peer victimization was the only peer effect associated with mental health. School-belonging, student-teacher relationships, and a perceived inclusive school climate were associated with better mental health, whereas a perceived school climate of exam pressure was associated with worse mental health. The findings highlight multiple aspects of school climate that could be targeted in school-based interventions for adolescent mental health.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Early Online Publication
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Long, Dr Emily and Zucca, Dr Claudia and Sweeting, Dr Helen
Authors: Long, E., Zucca, C., and Sweeting, H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Social Scientists working in Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Youth and Society
Publisher:SAGE Publications
ISSN:0044-118X
ISSN (Online):1552-8499
Published Online:04 November 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 The Authors
First Published:First published in Youth and Society 2020
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons licence

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
302716MRC Skills Development Fellowship ProgrammeJill PellMedical Research Council (MRC)MR/S015078/1S&PS - Administration
727631SPHSU Core Renewal: Relationships & Health Improvement Research ProgrammeLisa McDaidMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12017/11IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU
190877Quinquennial Core FundsLaurence MooreMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12017/14HW - MRC/CSO SPHSU Support Services
SPHSU12
SPHSU11
SPHSU14