The Bolshevik anti-Anarchist action of spring 1918

Swain, G. (2020) The Bolshevik anti-Anarchist action of spring 1918. Revolutionary Russia, 33(2), pp. 221-245. (doi: 10.1080/09546545.2020.1830602)

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This article sets the context for and the motivation behind the Bolshevik action to suppress the Moscow Anarchists on 11–12 April 1918. It explores the Anarchist view that in October 1917 a tactical alliance between Anarchists and Bolsheviks was essential to move the revolution forward, but that such an alliance was only temporary and would simply be a precursor to a genuinely popular third revolution which would shortly follow. The article suggests that, for the Anarchist leadership in Moscow, the crisis created by the Bolshevik decision to sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk in March 1918 meant that the moment for such a third revolution was approaching. Was this talk of revolution real or were the Anarchists just hoping to wreck the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk? By wrecking the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, would the Anarchists ignite a popular anti-state insurgency? Either way, the Bolsheviks decided to nip the action in the bud to prove to Imperial Germany that the revolution was under their control.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Swain, Professor Geoffrey
Authors: Swain, G.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences
Journal Name:Revolutionary Russia
Publisher:Taylor and Francis
ISSN (Online):1743-7873
Published Online:18 October 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor and Francis Group
First Published:First published in Revolutionary Russia 33(2): 221-245
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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