The beliefs about paranoia scale: preliminary validation of a metacognitive approach to conceptualizing paranoia

Morrison, A. P., Gumley, A. I. , Schwannauer, M., Campbell, M., Gleeson, A., Griffin, E. and Gillan, K. (2005) The beliefs about paranoia scale: preliminary validation of a metacognitive approach to conceptualizing paranoia. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 33(2), pp. 153-164. (doi:10.1017/S1352465804001900)

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Abstract

This study reports the development of a self-report measure to assess metacognitive beliefs about paranoia in non-patients. We aimed to test the specific hypotheses that positive beliefs about paranoia would predict frequency of paranoia, and that negative beliefs about paranoia would predict distress associated with delusional ideation. Three-hundred and seventeen non-patient participants were asked to complete questionnaires assessing beliefs about paranoia, paranoia, dimensions of delusional ideation and trait anxiety. The results showed that four empirically distinct subscales were measured by the beliefs about paranoia scale (negative beliefs about paranoia, beliefs about paranoia as a survival strategy, general positive beliefs and normalising beliefs). The scales possessed acceptable internal consistency and were associated with the measures of paranoia, delusional ideation and anxiety. Consistent with predictions, it was found that beliefs about paranoia as a survival strategy were associated with frequency of paranoia, and negative beliefs were associated with distress associated with delusional ideation. These findings suggest that a metacognitive approach to the conceptualization of paranoia as a strategy for managing interpersonal threat may have some utility. The clinical implications of the findings are also discussed.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Campbell, Miss Michelle and Schwannauer, Dr Matthias and Gumley, Professor Andrew
Authors: Morrison, A. P., Gumley, A. I., Schwannauer, M., Campbell, M., Gleeson, A., Griffin, E., and Gillan, K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN:1352-4658
ISSN (Online):1469-1833
Published Online:16 December 2004

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