The role of extracellular vesicles in neointima formation post vascular injury

Pashova, A., Work, L.M. and Nicklin, S.A. (2020) The role of extracellular vesicles in neointima formation post vascular injury. Cellular Signalling, 76, 109783. (doi: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2020.109783) (PMID:32956789)

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Abstract

Pathological neointimal growth can develop in patients as a result of vascular injury following percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting using autologous saphenous vein, leading to arterial or vein graft occlusion. Neointima formation driven by intimal hyperplasia occurs as a result of a complex interplay between molecular and cellular processes involving different cell types including endothelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells and various inflammatory cells. Therefore, understanding the intercellular communication mechanisms underlying this process remains of fundamental importance in order to develop therapeutic strategies to preserve endothelial integrity and vascular health post coronary interventions. Extracellular vesicles (EVs), including microvesicles and exosomes, are membrane-bound particles secreted by cells which mediate intercellular signalling in physiological and pathophysiological states, however their role in neointima formation is not fully understood. The purification and characterization techniques currently used in the field are associated with many limitations which significantly hinder the ability to comprehensively study the role of specific EV types and make direct functional comparisons between EV subpopulations. In this review, the current knowledge focusing on EV signalling in neointima formation post vascular injury is discussed.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pashova, Antoniya and Nicklin, Professor Stuart and Work, Dr Lorraine
Authors: Pashova, A., Work, L.M., and Nicklin, S.A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Cellular Signalling
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0898-6568
ISSN (Online):1873-3913
Published Online:18 September 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc.
First Published:First published in Cellular Signalling 76: 109783
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
173470BHF 4-Year PhD Studentship (4th intake 2016 of 3rd Scheme)Rhian TouyzBritish Heart Foundation (BHF)FS/16/55/32731Institute of Cardiovascular & Medical Sciences
303944BHF Centre of ExcellenceRhian TouyzBritish Heart Foundation (BHF)RE/18/6/34217CAMS - Cardiovascular Science