A systematic review of soil carbon management in Australia and the need for a social-ecological systems framework

Amin, M. N., Hossain, M. S. , Lobry de Bruyn, L. and Wilson, B. (2020) A systematic review of soil carbon management in Australia and the need for a social-ecological systems framework. Science of the Total Environment, 719, 135182. (doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135182) (PMID:31837848)

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Research efforts, on soil carbon management in agricultural lands, over the last two decades have sought to improve our understanding in order to increase soil productivity, soil carbon sequestration and to offset greenhouse gas emissions. This systematic review aims to identify the research gaps and future direction of soil carbon management in Australia. We explored and synthesized the use of social-ecological systems (SES) both in the global and Australian context, before making the first attempt to develop a conceptual SES framework for soil carbon management. Both quantitative and qualitative assessment of articles were used to identify and synthesise research trends, challenges and opportunities for improved soil carbon management. The results provide valuable insight into the SES components examined, the research gaps and the methodological challenges for research into soil carbon management conducted over the last two decades. The review revealed that research has predominately focused on the ecological component of soil carbon management in agricultural practices and has been conducted from a scientist’s perspective. The sustainability of carbon-building soil management practices will require integration of social components into future research, particularly from a farmer perspective. The proposed conceptual SES framework is designed to identify and investigate SES components in soil carbon management in order to increase the process of offsetting greenhouse gas emissions as required by Sustainable Development Goals 2, 13 and 15.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This research was the part of PhD project under the School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Australia. We would like to acknowledge University of New England International Post Graduate Award (UNEIPRA) for the funding of this research. We would also like to acknowledge library staffs of University of New England, Australia for the training on the systematic review. Md Sarwar Hossain acknowledges Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 796994 under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sohel, Dr MD Sarwar
Authors: Amin, M. N., Hossain, M. S., Lobry de Bruyn, L., and Wilson, B.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Interdisciplinary Studies
Journal Name:Science of the Total Environment
ISSN (Online):1879-1026
Published Online:21 November 2019

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