Policy options for alcohol price regulation: the importance of modelling population heterogeneity

Meier, P. S. , Purshouse, R. and Brennan, A. (2010) Policy options for alcohol price regulation: the importance of modelling population heterogeneity. Addiction, 105(3), pp. 383-393. (doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02721.x) (PMID:19839965)

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Abstract

Context and aims: Internationally, the repertoire of alcohol pricing policies has expanded to include targeted taxation, inflation‐linked taxation, taxation based on alcohol‐by‐volume (ABV), minimum pricing policies (general or targeted), bans of below‐cost selling and restricting price‐based promotions. Policy makers clearly need to consider how options compare in reducing harms at the population level, but are also required to demonstrate proportionality of their actions, which necessitates a detailed understanding of policy effects on different population subgroups. This paper presents selected findings from a policy appraisal for the UK government and discusses the importance of accounting for population heterogeneity in such analyses. Method: We have built a causal, deterministic, epidemiological model which takes account of differential preferences by population subgroups defined by age, gender and level of drinking (moderate, hazardous, harmful). We consider purchasing preferences in terms of the types and volumes of alcoholic beverages, prices paid and the balance between bars, clubs and restaurants as opposed to supermarkets and off‐licenses. Results: Age, sex and level of drinking fundamentally affect beverage preferences, drinking location, prices paid, price sensitivity and tendency to substitute for other beverage types. Pricing policies vary in their impact on different product types, price points and venues, thus having distinctly different effects on subgroups. Because population subgroups also have substantially different risk profiles for harms, policies are differentially effective in reducing health, crime, work‐place absence and unemployment harms. Conclusion: Policy appraisals must account for population heterogeneity and complexity if resulting interventions are to be well considered, proportionate, effective and cost‐effective.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Meier, Professor Petra
Authors: Meier, P. S., Purshouse, R., and Brennan, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:Addiction
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0965-2140
ISSN (Online):1360-0443
Published Online:19 October 2009

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