Clinical significance of coronavirus disease 2019 in hospitalized patients with myocardial injury

Briscoe, M., Sykes, R. , Krystofiak, T., Peck, O., Mangion, K. and Berry, C. (2021) Clinical significance of coronavirus disease 2019 in hospitalized patients with myocardial injury. Clinical Cardiology, 44(3), pp. 332-339. (doi: 10.1002/clc.23530) (PMID:33501708) (PMCID:PMC7943910)

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Abstract

Background: The clinical significance of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) as an associate of myocardial injury is controversial. Hypothesis: Type 2 MI/Myocardial Injury are associated with worse outcomes if complicated by COVID‐19. Methods: This longitudinal cohort study involved consecutive patients admitted to a large urban hospital. Myocardial injury was determined using laboratory records as ≥1 hs‐TnI result >99th percentile (male: >34 ng/L; female: >16 ng/L). Endotypes were defined according to the Fourth Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction (MI) and COVID‐19 determined using PCR. Outcomes of patients with myocardial injury with and without COVID‐19 were assessed. Results: Of 346 hospitalized patients with elevated hs‐TnI, 35 (10.1%) had laboratory‐confirmed COVID‐19 (median age [IQR]; 65 [59–74]; 64.8% male vs. COVID‐19 negative: 74 [63–83] years; 43.7% male). Cardiac endotypes by COVID‐19 status (yes vs. no) were: Type 1 MI (0 [0%] vs. 115 [100%]; p < .0005), Type 2 MI (13 [16.5%] vs. 66 [83.5%]; p = .045), and non‐ischemic myocardial injury (cardiac: 4 [5.8%] vs. 65 [94.2%]; p = .191, non‐cardiac:19 [22.9%] vs. 64 [77.%]; p < .0005). COVID‐19 patients had less comorbidity (median [IQR] Charlson Comorbidity Index: 3.0 [3.0] vs. 5.0 [4.0]; p = .001), similar hs‐TnI concentrations (median [IQR] initial: 46 [113] vs. 62 [138]; p = .199, peak: 122 [474] vs. 79 [220] ng/L; p = .564), longer admission (days) (median [IQR]: 14[19] vs. 6[12]; p = .001) and higher in‐hospital mortality (63.9% vs. 11.3%; OR = 13.2; 95%CI: 5.90, 29.7). Conclusions: Cardiac sequelae of COVID‐19 typically manifest as Non‐cardiac myocardial injury/Type 2MI in younger patients with less co‐morbidity. Paradoxically, the admission duration and in‐hospital mortality are increased.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Berry, Professor Colin and Mangion, Dr Kenneth and Sykes, Dr Robert
Authors: Briscoe, M., Sykes, R., Krystofiak, T., Peck, O., Mangion, K., and Berry, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Clinical Cardiology
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0160-9289
ISSN (Online):1932-8737
Published Online:27 January 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 The Authors
First Published:First published in Clinical Cardiology 44(3): 332-339
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
303944BHF Centre of ExcellenceRhian TouyzBritish Heart Foundation (BHF)RE/18/6/34217CAMS - Cardiovascular Science