Optimising volumetric arc radiotherapy for dental rehabilitation in oropharynx cancer – a retrospective dosimetry review and feasibility planning study

O'Cathail, S. M. , Karir, N. and Shah, K. (2018) Optimising volumetric arc radiotherapy for dental rehabilitation in oropharynx cancer – a retrospective dosimetry review and feasibility planning study. Oral Oncology, 76, pp. 16-21. (doi: 10.1016/j.oraloncology.2017.11.020) (PMID:29290281)

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Abstract

Purpose: To assess the dosimetry to dentally relevant substructures within the mandible/maxilla, establish the predictors of increased mean anterior mandible dose and assess the feasibility of rationale optimisation of dose to the anterior mandible (AM) volume to aid reconstructive dental surgery planning, where the AM is a critical structure. Materials and methods: In a cohort of radically treated oropharynx cancer patients we conducted a retrospective dosimetry analysis of mandible/maxilla volumes, created using a published atlas. Comparisons of mean AM dose and clinical parameters between groups were tested using Wilcoxon rank-sum and Kruskal-Wallis tests. A multivariate linear regression model was created to assess independent predictors of increased mean AM dose. Patients with a mean AM dose over 37.5 Gy were included in feasibility planning study to test the hypothesis that it is possible to safely limit the dose whilst maintaining dose tolerances for other organs at risk. Results: 57 patients were included. Median AM mean dose was 32.2 Gy (IQR 27.7–38.7). T stage, N stage and inclusion of Level 1B were significantly associated with increased mean AM dose. Only T stage (p = .0132) and Level Ib inclusion (p = .018) remained significant in the linear regression model. 88% of plans, all of which included Level Ib, were successfully re-optimised without breaching accepted constraints. Conclusions: Oropharynx cancer patients with advanced T stage and who require Level Ib treatment receive increased mean AM dose, potentially limiting surgical dental rehabilitation options. The majority of patients can be optimised safely with appropriate AM contouring.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:O'Cathail, Dr Sean
Authors: O'Cathail, S. M., Karir, N., and Shah, K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Oral Oncology
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1368-8375
ISSN (Online):1879-0593
Published Online:23 November 2017

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