Prenatal acquired cytomegalovirus infection should be considered in children with autism

Engman, M.-L., Sundin, M., Miniscalco, C., Westerlund, J., Lewensohn-Fuchs, I., Gillberg, C. and Fernell, E. (2015) Prenatal acquired cytomegalovirus infection should be considered in children with autism. Acta Paediatrica, 104(8), pp. 792-795. (doi: 10.1111/apa.13032) (PMID:25900322)

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Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of congenital cytomegalovirus infection (CMV) in a representative sample of children with autism spectrum disorder. Methods: In a representative group of 115 preschool children with autism spectrum disorder, of whom 33 also had intellectual disability, the dried blood spots from the newborn metabolic screening were analysed for CMV DNA using TaqMan polymerase chain reaction. Results: One of the 33 children with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability – 3% of that group – had congenital CMV infection. The corresponding prevalence in newborn infants in Sweden is 0.2%. None of the 82 children without intellectual disability had congenital CMV. Conclusion: The finding lends some further support for congenital CMV being one of the many aetiologies underlying autism spectrum disorder with intellectual disability. The rate of 3% of congenital CMV in children with autism spectrum disorder with intellectual disability has implications for the medical work‐up. The finding of congenital CMV also indicates the need for repeated hearing assessments in the child. There is a need for similar studies with much larger samples.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gillberg, Professor Christopher
Authors: Engman, M.-L., Sundin, M., Miniscalco, C., Westerlund, J., Lewensohn-Fuchs, I., Gillberg, C., and Fernell, E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Acta Paediatrica
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0803-5253
ISSN (Online):1651-2227
Published Online:21 April 2015

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