Upper extremity transplantation in non-human primates: an orthotopic model for translational research

Leonard, D. A. , Powell, H., Albritton, A., Shanmugarajah, K., Mastroianni, M., Lofgren, S., Winter, J., Kurtz, J. M. and Cetrulo, C. L. (2015) Upper extremity transplantation in non-human primates: an orthotopic model for translational research. Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation, 2(1), pp. 17-25. (doi: 10.1080/23723505.2015.1072261)

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Abstract

Vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) offers unparalleled restoration of function and form following devastating musculoskeletal and soft tissue injury. However, the potential adverse effects of life-long immunosuppression remain a significant cause for concern. Therefore, while the surgical techniques necessary for VCA have developed rapidly, the immunological aspects of these procedures and the potential functional significance of immunological processes on vascularized composite allografts remain areas in which further research is required. The functional complexity of these procedures, combined with the preclinical nature of many of the research questions, necessitates the use of large animal models to most effectively address some of the outstanding hypotheses. Cynomolgus macaques are among the premier large animal models for immunological research. This manuscript describes development of an orthotopic model of upper extremity transplantation in cynomolgus macaques. Following study of the anatomy to determine feasibility, in vivo proof of concept was achieved by autologous amputation and replantation in two animals, following which a preliminary series of four allotransplants was performed. The anatomy encountered and techniques required for successful transplantation are closely comparable to those in clinical upper extremity transplantation. This is a technically challenging model, but offers a rigorous pre-clinical platform for translational research in transplant immunology, and is suitable for detailed study of the impact of immunologic processes on functional outcomes following VCA.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Leonard, Dr David
Authors: Leonard, D. A., Powell, H., Albritton, A., Shanmugarajah, K., Mastroianni, M., Lofgren, S., Winter, J., Kurtz, J. M., and Cetrulo, C. L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:2372-3505
ISSN (Online):2372-3513
Published Online:25 July 2015
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 The Authors
First Published:First published in Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation 2(1): 17-25
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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