The Brief Obsessive–Compulsive Scale (BOCS): a self-report scale for OCD and obsessive–compulsive related disorders

Bejerot, S. et al. (2014) The Brief Obsessive–Compulsive Scale (BOCS): a self-report scale for OCD and obsessive–compulsive related disorders. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 68(8), pp. 549-559. (doi: 10.3109/08039488.2014.884631) (PMID:24568661) (PMCID:PMC4221004)

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Background: The Brief Obsessive Compulsive Scale (BOCS), derived from the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) and the children's version (CY-BOCS), is a short self-report tool used to aid in the assessment of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). It is widely used throughout child, adolescent and adult psychiatry settings in Sweden but has not been validated up to date. Aim: The aim of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the BOCS amongst a psychiatric outpatient population. Method: The BOCS consists of a 15-item Symptom Checklist including three items (hoarding, dysmorphophobia and self-harm) related to the DSM-5 category "Obsessive-compulsive related disorders", accompanied by a single six-item Severity Scale for obsessions and compulsions combined. It encompasses the revisions made in the Y-BOCS-II severity scale by including obsessive-compulsive free intervals, extent of avoidance and excluding the resistance item. 402 adult psychiatric outpatients with OCD, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder and other psychiatric disorders completed the BOCS. Results: Principal component factor analysis produced five subscales titled "Symmetry", "Forbidden thoughts", "Contamination", "Magical thoughts" and "Dysmorphic thoughts". The OCD group scored higher than the other diagnostic groups in all subscales (P < 0.001). Sensitivities, specificities and internal consistency for both the Symptom Checklist and the Severity Scale emerged high (Symptom Checklist: sensitivity = 85%, specificities = 62-70% Cronbach's α = 0.81; Severity Scale: sensitivity = 72%, specificities = 75-84%, Cronbach's α = 0.94). Conclusions: The BOCS has the ability to discriminate OCD from other non-OCD related psychiatric disorders. The current study provides strong support for the utility of the BOCS in the assessment of obsessive-compulsive symptoms in clinical psychiatry.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gillberg, Professor Christopher
Authors: Bejerot, S., Edman, G., Anckarsäter, H., Berglund, G., Gillberg, C., Hofvander, B., Humble, M. B., Mörtberg, E., Råstam, M., Ståhlberg, O., and Frisén, L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Publisher:Taylor and Francis
ISSN (Online):1502-4725
Published Online:25 February 2014
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 Informa Healthcare

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