Findings from an in-depth annual tree-ring radiocarbon intercomparison

Wacker, L. et al. (2020) Findings from an in-depth annual tree-ring radiocarbon intercomparison. Radiocarbon, (doi: 10.1017/RDC.2020.49) (Early Online Publication)

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Abstract

The radiocarbon (14C) calibration curve so far contains annually resolved data only for a short period of time. With accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) matching the precision of decay counting, it is now possible to efficiently produce large datasets of annual resolution for calibration purposes using small amounts of wood. The radiocarbon intercomparison on single-year tree-ring samples presented here is the first to investigate specifically possible offsets between AMS laboratories at high precision. The results show that AMS laboratories are capable of measuring samples of Holocene age with an accuracy and precision that is comparable or even goes beyond what is possible with decay counting, even though they require a thousand times less wood. It also shows that not all AMS laboratories always produce results that are consistent with their stated uncertainties. The long-term benefits of studies of this kind are more accurate radiocarbon measurements with, in the future, better quantified uncertainties.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Early Online Publication
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Staff, Dr Richard and Scott, Professor Marian
Authors: Wacker, L., Scott, E.M., Bayliss, A., Brown, D., Bard, E., Bollhalder, S., Freidrich, M., Capano, M., Cherkinsky, A., Chivall, D., Culleton, B.J., Dee, M.W., Friedrich, R., Hodgins, G.W.L., Hogg, A., Kennett, D.J., Knowles, T.D.J., Kuitems, M., Lange, T.E., Miyake, F., Nadeau, M.-J., Nakamura, T., Naysmith, J.P., Olsen, J., Omori, T., Petchey, F., Philippsen, B., Bronk Ramsey, C., Ravi Prasad, G.V., Seiler, N., Southon, J., Staff, R., and Tuna, T.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Statistics
College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Radiocarbon
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN:0033-8222
ISSN (Online):1945-5755
Published Online:04 September 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 The Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona
First Published:First published in Radiocarbon 2020
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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