Working memory updating training promotes neural plasticity & behavioural gains: a systematic review & meta-analysis

Pappa, K. , Biswas, V., Flegal, K. , Evans, J. and Baylan, S. (2020) Working memory updating training promotes neural plasticity & behavioural gains: a systematic review & meta-analysis. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 118, pp. 209-235. (doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.07.027) (PMID:32738262)

[img] Text
221470.pdf - Accepted Version



Aims: Recent reviews yield contradictory findings regarding the efficacy of working memory training and transfer to untrained tasks. We reviewed working memory updating (WMU) training studies and examined cognitive and neural outcomes on training and transfer tasks. Methods: Database searches for adult brain imaging studies of WMU training were conducted. Training-induced neural changes were assessed qualitatively, and meta-analyses were performed on behavioural training and transfer effects. Results: A large behavioural training effect was found for WMU training groups compared to control groups. There was a moderate near transfer effect on tasks in the same cognitive domain, and a non-significant effect for far transfer to other cognitive domains. Functional neuroimaging changes for WMU training tasks revealed consistent frontoparietal activity decreases while both decreases and increases were found for subcortical regions. Conclusions: WMU training promotes plasticity and has potential applications in optimizing interventions for neurological populations. Future research should focus on the mechanisms and factors underlying plasticity and generalisation of training gains.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Biswas, Dr Viveka and Flegal, Dr Kristin and Pappa, Mrs Aikaterini and Evans, Professor Jonathan and Baylan, Dr Satu
Authors: Pappa, K., Biswas, V., Flegal, K., Evans, J., and Baylan, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
Journal Name:Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
ISSN (Online):1873-7528
Published Online:30 July 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd
First Published:First published in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 118: 209-235
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record