Angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition and renal outcomes in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

Mc Causland, F. R. et al. (2020) Angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition and renal outcomes in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. Circulation, 142(13), pp. 1236-1245. (doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.120.047643) (PMID:32845715)

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Abstract

Background: In patients with heart failure, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common and associated with a higher risk of renal events than in patients without CKD. We assessed the renal effects of angiotensin/neprilysin inhibition in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) enrolled in PARAGON-HF. Methods: In this randomized, double-blind, event-driven trial, we assigned 4,822 patients with HFpEF to receive sacubitril/valsartan (n=2419) or valsartan (n=2403). Herein we present the results of the pre-specified renal composite outcome (time to first occurrence of either: ≥50% reduction in eGFR, end-stage renal disease, or death from renal causes), the individual components of this composite, and the influence of therapy on eGFR slope. Results: At randomization, eGFR was 63±19 ml/min/1.73m2. At study closure, the composite renal outcome occurred in 33 patients (1.4%) assigned to sacubitril/valsartan and 64 patients (2.7%) assigned to valsartan (hazard ratio [HR], 0.50; 95%CI, 0.33 to 0.77; P=0.001). The treatment effect on the composite renal endpoint did not differ according to the baseline eGFR (<60 vs ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 (P-interaction=0.92). The decline in eGFR was less for sacubitril/valsartan compared with valsartan (-1.8 [95%CI, -2.0 to -1.6] vs. -2.4 [95%CI, -2.6 to - 2.2] ml/min/1.73m2/year). Conclusions: In patients with HFpEF, sacubitril/valsartan reduced the risk of renal events, and slowed decline in eGFR, compared with valsartan.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Jhund, Dr Pardeep and McMurray, Professor John
Authors: Mc Causland, F. R., Lekowitz, M. P., Claggett, B., Anavekar, N. S., Senni, M., Gori, M., Jhund, P. S., McGrath, M. M., Packer, M., Shi, V., Van Veldhuisen, D. J., Zannad, F., Comin-Colet, J., Pfeffer, M. A., McMurray, J. J.V., and Solomon, S. D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Circulation
Publisher:American Heart Association
ISSN:0009-7322
ISSN (Online):1524-4539
Published Online:17 August 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 American Heart Association, Inc.
First Published:First published in Circulation 142(13): 1236-1245
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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