Current and novel therapeutic opportunities for systemic therapy in biliary cancer

Marin, J. J. G. et al. (2020) Current and novel therapeutic opportunities for systemic therapy in biliary cancer. British Journal of Cancer, 123, pp. 1047-1059. (doi: 10.1038/s41416-020-0987-3) (PMID:32694694)

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Abstract

Biliary tract cancers (BTCs) are a group of rare and aggressive malignancies that arise in the biliary tree within and outside the liver. Beyond surgical resection, which is beneficial for only a small proportion of patients, current strategies for treating patients with BTCs include chemotherapy, as a single agent or combination regimens, in the adjuvant and palliative setting. Increased characterisation of the molecular landscape of these tumours has facilitated the identification of molecular vulnerabilities, such as IDH mutations and FGFR fusions, that can be exploited for the treatment of BTC patients. Beyond targeted therapies, active research avenues explore the development of novel therapeutics that target the crosstalk between cancer and stroma, the cellular pathways involved in the regulation of cell death, the chemoresistance phenotype and the dysregulation of RNA. In this review, we discuss the therapeutic opportunities currently available in the management of BTC patients, and explore the strategies that can support the implementation of precision oncology in BTCs, including novel molecular targets, liquid biopsies and patient-derived predictive tools.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Prete, Mrs Maria Giuseppin and Braconi, Dr Chiara
Authors: Marin, J. J. G., Prete, M. G., Lamarca, A., Tavolari, S., Landa-Magdalena, A., Brandi, G., Segatto, O., Vogel, A., Macias, R. I. R., Rodrigues, P. M., Casta, A. L., Mertens, J., Rodrigues, C. M. P., Fernandez-Barrena, M. G., Da Silva Ruivo, A., Marzioni, M., Mentrasti, G., Acedo, P., Munoz-Garrido, P., Cardinale, V., Banales, J. M., Valle, J. W., Bridgewater, J., and Braconi, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:British Journal of Cancer
Publisher:Nature Research
ISSN:0007-0920
ISSN (Online):1532-1827
Published Online:22 July 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 The Author
First Published:First published in British Journal of Cancer 123:1047–1059
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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