Effects of the patient education strategy ‘Learning and Coping’ in cardiac rehabilitation on readmissions and mortality: a randomized controlled trial (LC-REHAB)

Lynggaard, V., Zwisler, A.D., Taylor, R.S. , May, O. and Nielsen, C.V. (2020) Effects of the patient education strategy ‘Learning and Coping’ in cardiac rehabilitation on readmissions and mortality: a randomized controlled trial (LC-REHAB). Health Education Research, 35(1), pp. 74-85. (doi: 10.1093/her/cyz034) (PMID:31999315)

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Abstract

We assessed the effects of the patient education strategy ‘Learning and Coping’ (LC) in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on mortality and readmissions by exploring results from the LC-REHAB trial. In all, 825 patients with ischaemic heart disease or heart failure were randomized to the intervention arm (LC-CR) or the control arm (standard CR) at three hospitals in Denmark. LC-CR was situational and inductive, with experienced patients as co-educators supplemented with two individual interviews. Group-based training and education hours were the same in both arms. Outcomes were time to death or readmission, length of stay and absolute number of deaths or readmissions. No between-arm differences were found in time to death, first readmission, or length of stay. Within 30 days after completion of CR, the absolute number of all-cause readmissions was 117 in the LC arm and 146 in the control arm, adjusted odds ratio 78 (95% CI: 0.61–1.01), P = 0.06. This trend diminished over time. Adding LC strategies to standard CR showed a short term but no significant long-term effect on mortality or readmissions. However, the study was not powered to detect differences in mortality and morbidity. Thus, a risk of overseeing a true effect was present.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by the Danish Ministry of Health ‘[54804/22]’, the Health Research Fund of Central Denmark Region ‘[year 2013]’ and the Danish Foundation Trygfonden ‘[105278]’.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Taylor, Professor Rod
Authors: Lynggaard, V., Zwisler, A.D., Taylor, R.S., May, O., and Nielsen, C.V.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:Health Education Research
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0268-1153
ISSN (Online):1465-3648
Published Online:29 January 2020

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