Neural correlates of early cognitive dysfunction in Parkinson's disease

Weil, R. S., Winston, J. S., Leyland, L.-A., Pappa, K. , Mahmood, R. B., Morris, H. R. and Rees, G. (2019) Neural correlates of early cognitive dysfunction in Parkinson's disease. Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology, 6(5), pp. 902-912. (doi: 10.1002/acn3.767) (PMID:31139688) (PMCID:PMC6529983)

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Objective: Dementia is a common and feared aspect of Parkinson's disease but there are no robust predictors of cognitive outcome. Visuoperceptual deficits are linked to risk of dementia in Parkinson's disease but whether they predict cognitive change is not known, and the neural substrates of visuoperceptual dysfunction in Parkinson's have not yet been identified. Methods: We compared patients with Parkinson's disease and unaffected controls who underwent BOLD fMRI while performing our previously validated visuoperceptual task and tested how functional connectivity between task‐specific regions and the rest of the brain differed between patients who performed well and poorly in the task. Results: We show that task performance at baseline predicts change in cognition in Parkinson's disease after 1 year. Our task‐based fMRI study showed that the performance in this task is associated with activity in the posterior cingulate cortex/precuneus. We found that functional connectivity between this region and dorsomedial prefrontal cortex was reduced in poor performers compared with good performers of this task. Interpretation: Our findings suggest that functional connectivity is reduced between posterior and anterior hubs of the default mode network in Parkinson's patients who are likely to progress to worsening cognitive dysfunction. Our work implicates posterior default mode nodes and their connections as key brain regions in early stages of dementia in Parkinson's disease.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors acknowledge the following sources of funding for this work: UCL Excellence Fellowship, Academy of Medical Science (AMS‐SGCL13‐Weil), UCLH Biomedical Research Centre Grant (BRC302/NS/RW/101410); Wellcome Trust (201567/Z/16/Z; 095939 & 100227); Parkinson's UK (K‐1501), The Wellcome Centre for Human Neuroimaging is supported by core funding from the Wellcome Trust (091593).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pappa, Mrs Aikaterini
Authors: Weil, R. S., Winston, J. S., Leyland, L.-A., Pappa, K., Mahmood, R. B., Morris, H. R., and Rees, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Journal Name:Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
ISSN (Online):2328-9503
Published Online:28 March 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology 6(5): 902-912
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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