Intermittency of many-particle dispersion in anisotropic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence

Pratt, J., Busse, A. and Müller, W.-C. (2020) Intermittency of many-particle dispersion in anisotropic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1620, 012015. (doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1620/1/012015)

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Abstract

Intermittent deviation from average dispersion curves reveals differences between the dynamics of magnetohydrodynamic turbulence and hydrodynamic turbulence. Turbulent dispersion is typically measured by the average separation of a group of Lagrangian tracer particles from each other as the particles move in a turbulent flow. On average, the particles will increase their separation as time evolves. However, due to the intermittent nature of turbulence, radical deviations from this behavior can be observed when considering individual groups of particles. When the group consists only of two particles, those two particles sometimes can move toward each other for short periods of time, decreasing their separation. When the group consists instead of many particles that are initially densely packed, similar results can be obtained using the convex hull of the group of particles. We examine this intermittency of many-particle dispersion in incompressible isotropic hydrodynamic turbulence, incompressible isotropic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence, and incompressible anisotropic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence. We interpret periods of decreasing separation physically in terms of anisotropic dispersion due to a large-scale static magnetic field, interactions with local magnetic fields and current sheets, and interactions with Alfvénic fluctuations.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:19th Annual International Astrophysics Conference. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1907876. Simulations were performed on the Konrad and Gottfried computer systems of the Norddeutsche Verbund zur Förderung des Hoch- und Höchstleistungsrechnens (HLRN) by the project bep00051 “Lagrangian studies of incompressible turbulence in plasmas”.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Busse, Dr Angela
Authors: Pratt, J., Busse, A., and Müller, W.-C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Aerospace Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Physics: Conference Series
Publisher:Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd.
ISSN:1742-6588
ISSN (Online):1742-6596
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1620:012015
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons Licence

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