Shareholder stewardship enforcement

Katelouzou, D. and Sergakis, K. (2022) Shareholder stewardship enforcement. In: Katelouzou, D. and Puchniak, D. W. (eds.) Global Shareholder Stewardship. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, pp. 572-598. ISBN 9781108843102 (doi: 10.1017/9781108914819.028)

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In this Chapter, we investigate the availability (or not) of strategies to enforce shareholder stewardship and set out a simple enforcement taxonomy based on three dimensions: the nature of the norm enforcer (self-enforcement/third-party enforcement); the nature of the enforcement mechanism (formal/informal) and the temporal dimension of enforcement (ex-ante/ex-post). We examine the enforcement of shareholder stewardship across 25 jurisdictions and find that informal enforcement by market actors is the preferred option. Looking forward, we sketch the broad contours of an optimal stewardship enforcement framework based on our taxonomy. We caution against administrative sanctions and support instead a facilitating role for (quasi-)public in two ways. First, (quasi-)public actors can facilitate stewardship enforcement via membership/adherence sanctions taking place within stewardship networks (e.g. public tiering) or informal mechanisms (e.g. reputational mechanisms and private dialogue). Secondly, where ultimate investors have suffered damages from deficient stewardship disclosure, we support the introduction of a facilitating system of civil claims that can serve both restorative-compensatory objectives and public interests. We also advance the importance of promoting enforcement by market and social actors. Our enforcement framework is not intended to be applied in a uniform fashion around the world. Rather its multi-actor, multi-modal and temporally continuous fashion can adjust to any national or supranational framework.

Item Type:Book Sections
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sergakis, Professor Konstantinos
Authors: Katelouzou, D., and Sergakis, K.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Law
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
Published Online:28 April 2022
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