Importance of transient resonances in extreme-mass-ratio inspirals

Berry, C. P.L. , Cole, R. H., Cañizares, P. and Gair, J. R. (2016) Importance of transient resonances in extreme-mass-ratio inspirals. Physical Review D, 94(12), 124042. (doi: 10.1103/PhysRevD.94.124042)

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The inspiral of stellar-mass compact objects, like neutron stars or stellar-mass black holes, into supermassive black holes provides a wealth of information about the strong gravitational-field regime via the emission of gravitational waves. In order to detect and analyze these signals, accurate waveform templates which include the effects of the compact object’s gravitational self-force are required. For computational efficiency, adiabatic templates are often used. These accurately reproduce orbit-averaged trajectories arising from the first-order self-force, but neglect other effects, such as transient resonances, where the radial and poloidal fundamental frequencies become commensurate. During such resonances the flux of gravitational waves can be diminished or enhanced, leading to a shift in the compact object’s trajectory and the phase of the waveform. We present an evolution scheme for studying the effects of transient resonances and apply this to an astrophysically motivated population. We find that a large proportion of systems encounter a low-order resonance in the later stages of inspiral; however, the resulting effect on signal-to-noise recovery is small as a consequence of the low eccentricity of the inspirals. Neglecting the effects of transient resonances leads to a loss of 4% of detectable signals.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gair, Dr Jonathan and Berry, Dr Christopher
Authors: Berry, C. P.L., Cole, R. H., Cañizares, P., and Gair, J. R.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Physical Review D
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN (Online):2470-0029
Published Online:27 December 2016

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