Graphene Foam (GF)/Manganese Oxide (MnO2) nanocomposites for high performance supercapacitors

Gupta, V., Kannan, A.M. and Kumar, S. (2020) Graphene Foam (GF)/Manganese Oxide (MnO2) nanocomposites for high performance supercapacitors. Journal of Energy Storage, 30, 101575. (doi: 10.1016/j.est.2020.101575)

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Abstract

We report supercapacitive characteristics of hierarchically porous architectured graphene foam (GF)/manganese oxide (MnO2) nanocomposites fabricated via a simple two-step synthesis route. A polyurethane (PU) foam with graphene flakes adsorbed onto the pore walls is pyrolyzed to obtain GF. The MnO2 is then electrochemically deposited onto GF to form a GF/MnO2 (with a conductivity of 2.85 and 1.1 Sm−1, respectively) nanocomposite. The GF is an ideal scaffold template for electrochemical deposition of MnO2 and fast ion transport from MnO2 to GF. The GF/MnO2 supercapacitor shows excellent specific capacitance (672 F g−1), rate capability (85% capacity retention over 1 to 20 A g−1), and long cycle life (2% capacity loss after 10000 charge/discharge cycles) for 0.5 mg cm−2 MnO2 loading. Furthermore, the optimized supercapacitor delivers a specific energy of 95 Wh kg−1 at a specific power of 1 kW kg−1, which is substantially higher than that of most of the reported GF based supercapacitors. The results obtained here may pave the way for the development of commercial supercapacitors for future energy storage systems.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors thank Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) for the financial support under award no: EX2016-000010.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kumar, Dr Shanmugam
Authors: Gupta, V., Kannan, A.M., and Kumar, S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Journal of Energy Storage
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2352-152X
ISSN (Online):2352-152X
Published Online:09 June 2020

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