The management of secondary mitral regurgitation in patients with heart failure: a joint position statement from the Heart Failure Association (HFA), European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI), European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), and European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI) of the ESC

Coats, A. J. et al. (2021) The management of secondary mitral regurgitation in patients with heart failure: a joint position statement from the Heart Failure Association (HFA), European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI), European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), and European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI) of the ESC. European Heart Journal, 42(13), pp. 1254-1269. (doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehab086) (PMID:33734354) (PMCID:PMC8014526)

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Abstract

Secondary (or functional) mitral regurgitation (SMR) occurs frequently in chronic heart failure (HF) with reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction, resulting from LV remodelling that prevents coaptation of the valve leaflets. Secondary mitral regurgitation contributes to progression of the symptoms and signs of HF and confers worse prognosis. The management of HF patients with SMR is complex and requires timely referral to a multidisciplinary Heart Team. Optimization of pharmacological and device therapy according to guideline recommendations is crucial. Further management requires careful clinical and imaging assessment, addressing the anatomical and functional features of the mitral valve and left ventricle, overall HF status, and relevant comorbidities. Evidence concerning surgical correction of SMR is sparse and it is doubtful whether this approach improves prognosis. Transcatheter repair has emerged as a promising alternative, but the conflicting results of current randomized trials require careful interpretation. This collaborative position statement, developed by four key associations of the European Society of Cardiology—the Heart Failure Association (HFA), European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI), European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI), and European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA)—presents an updated practical approach to the evaluation and management of patients with HF and SMR based upon a Heart Team approach.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cleland, Professor John
Authors: Coats, A. J., Anker, S. D., Baumbach, A., Alfieri, O., von Bardeleben, R. S., Bauersachs, J., Bax, J. J., Boveda, S., Čelutkienė, J., Cleland, J. G., Dagres, N., Deneke, T., Farmakis, D., Filippatos, G., Hausleiter, J., Hindricks, G., Jankowska, E. A., Lainscak, M., Leclercq, C., Lund, L. H., McDonagh, T., Mehra, M. R., Metra, M., Mewton, N., Müller, C., Mullens, W., Muneretto, C., Obadia, J.-F., Praz, F., Ponikowski, P., Rudolph, V., Ruschitzka, F., Vahanian, A., Windecker, S., Zamorano, J. L., Edvardsen, T., Heidbuchel, H., Seferovic, P. M., and Prendergast, B.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
Journal Name:European Heart Journal
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0195-668X
ISSN (Online):1522-9645
Published Online:18 March 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in European Heart Journal 42(13): 1254-1269
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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