Associations between diet and handgrip strength: a cross-sectional study from UK Biobank

Gedmantaite, A., Celis-Morales, C. A. , Ho, F., Pell, J. P. , Ratkevicius, A. and Gray, S. R. (2020) Associations between diet and handgrip strength: a cross-sectional study from UK Biobank. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, 189, 111269. (doi: 10.1016/j.mad.2020.111269) (PMID:32479757)

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Abstract

The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between diet and handgrip strength. The current study included 68,002 participants (age 63.8 ± 2.7 years, 50.3% women, 49.7% men) from UK Biobank. Diet and nutritional data (carotene, retinol, potassium, vitamin C, foliate, vitamin B12, vitamin B6, iron, vitamin E, calcium, magnesium, carbohydrates, protein, polyunsaturated fat, fat, starch and saturated fat) were collected and handgrip strength measured. Associations were compared, stratified by sex, using regression analyses, after adjustment for age, sex, month of assessment, ethnicity, deprivation index, height, comorbidities and total energy intake. The current data revealed negative associations between carbohydrate intake and handgrip strength as well as positive associations between oily fish, retinol and magnesium intake and grip strength in both sexes. In women, positive associations were observed between intake of red meat, fruit and vegetables, vitamin E, iron, vitamin B12, folate and vitamin C and hand grip strength. In men only negative associations were seen between bread and processed meat with grip strength. We have shown associations of several nutrients and food items with muscle strength and appropriately designed trials are needed to investigate whether these nutrients/food items may be beneficial in the maintenance of muscle during ageing.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pell, Professor Jill and Celis, Dr Carlos and Gray, Dr Stuart and GEDMANTAITE, Miss ANELE and Ho, Dr Frederick
Authors: Gedmantaite, A., Celis-Morales, C. A., Ho, F., Pell, J. P., Ratkevicius, A., and Gray, S. R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Public Health
Journal Name:Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0047-6374
ISSN (Online):1872-6216
Published Online:30 May 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 Elsevier
First Published:First published in Mechanisms of Ageing and Development 189:111269
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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