Impact of hydrated magnesium carbonate additives on the carbonation of reactive MgO cements

Unluer, C. and Al-Tabbaa, A. (2013) Impact of hydrated magnesium carbonate additives on the carbonation of reactive MgO cements. Cement and Concrete Research, 54, pp. 87-97. (doi: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2013.08.009)

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Abstract

Reactive magnesia (MgO) cements have emerged as a potentially more sustainable and technically superior alternative to Portland cement due to their lower production temperature and ability to sequester significant quantities of CO2. Porous blocks containing MgO were found to achieve higher strength values than PC blocks. A number of variables are investigated to achieve maximum carbonation and associated high strengths. This paper focuses on the impact of four different hydrated magnesium carbonates (HMCs) as cement replacements of either 20 or 50%. Accelerated carbonation (20 °C, 70–90% RH, 20% CO2) is compared with natural curing (20 °C, 60–70% RH, ambient CO2). SEM, TG/DTA, XRD, and HCl acid digestion are utilized to provide a thorough understanding of the performance of MgO-cement porous blocks. The presence of HMCs resulted in the formation of larger size carbonation products with a different morphology than those in the control mix, leading to significantly enhanced carbonation and strength.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Unluer, Dr Cise
Authors: Unluer, C., and Al-Tabbaa, A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Cement and Concrete Research
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0008-8846
Published Online:25 September 2013

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