Characterization of light and heavy hydrated magnesium carbonates using thermal analysis

Unluer, C. and Al-Tabbaa, A. (2014) Characterization of light and heavy hydrated magnesium carbonates using thermal analysis. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 115(1), pp. 595-607. (doi: 10.1007/s10973-013-3300-3)

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Upon heating, hydrated magnesium carbonates (HMCs) undergo a continuous sequence of decomposition reactions. This study aims to investigate the thermal decomposition of various commercially produced HMCs classified as light and heavy, highlight their differences, and provide an insight into their compositions in accordance with the results obtained from thermal analysis and microstructure studies. An understanding of the chemical compositions and microstructures, and a better knowledge of the reactions that take place during the decomposition of HMCs were achieved through the use of SEM, XRD, and TG/differential thermal analysis (DTA). The quantification of their CO2 contents was provided by TG and dissolving the samples in HCl acid. Results show that variations exist within the microstructure and decomposition patterns of the two groups of HMCs, which do not exactly fit into the fixed stoichiometry of the known HMCs in the MgO–CO2–H2O system. The occurrence of an exothermic DTA peak was only observed for the heavy HMCs, which was attributed to their high CO2 contents and the relatively delayed decomposition pattern.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Unluer, Dr Cise
Authors: Unluer, C., and Al-Tabbaa, A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
ISSN (Online):1572-8943
Published Online:30 June 2013

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